Mahatma Gandhi Biography, Height, Age, Family, & More

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a lawyer from India. He worked against the control of one country over another and believed in how people should behave in politics. He used peaceful ways to fight for India’s freedom from British rule. At first, he started this in South Africa, where he had moved from India. Later, after World War I, he became the main person leading India’s fight for freedom from Britain.

A person’s greatness can be seen in how they make others want to be better. Gandhi’s life did just that. Many people around the world see him as a very important figure. They call him ‘The Great Soul’ or ‘The Mahatma’.

Mahatma Gandhi Biography

Mohandas Gandhi is known as the leader of India’s freedom movement. He was influenced by religious texts like the Bible’s Sermon on the Mount and the Bagavad-Gita. Gandhi got really interested in vegetarianism and learning about different religions. He grew up to become a huge leader fighting against unfairness in South Africa and India.

Starting as a lawyer, he evolved over time, becoming a politician, a social activist, and a writer all at once. However, people now look at his legacy with new eyes, thinking about race, feminism, and nationalism in modern times. Gandhi’s main idea was using nonviolent protest, called Satyagraha, to bring about political and social change.

Mahatma Gandhi Picture
Mahatma Gandhi Picture

Personal Information

Real Name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Nickname AKA Mahatma, Father of the Nation, Bapu
DOB (Date of Birth) 2 October 1869 (Saturday)
Date of Death 30 January 1948 (Friday)
Place of Death New Delhi, India
Death Cause Assassination by shooting
Age (at the time of death) 78 Years
Birth Place Porbandar State, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire
(now in Gujarat, India)
Resting Place Raj Ghat in Delhi, but his ashes were scattered in various Indian Rivers
Zodiac Sign Libra
Nationality Indian
Hometown Porbandar, Gujarat
Religion Hinduism

Education/Qualifications

School A Local School in Rajkot
Alfred High School, Rajkot
A High School in Ahmedabad
College/ University Samaldas College, Bhavnagar State (now, District Bhavnagar, Gujarat), India

Inner Temple, London
UCL Faculty of Laws, University College, London

Education Qualifications Barrister-at-law

Physical Stats

Height

Feet & Inches 5’ 5”
Meter 1.65 m
Centimeters 165 cm
Weight in kilograms- 46.7 kg
in pounds- 102 lbs
Eye Color Black
Hair Color Bald
Body Measurements N/A

Family Information

Father Name Karamchand Gandhi, Dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar state
Mother Name Putlibai Gandhi (Homemaker)
Siblings Brother(s)- 2
Laxmidas Karamchand Gandhi, Karsandas Gandhi, Sister- 1
Raliatbehn Gandhi
Marital Status (at the time of death) Widower
Marriage Date May 1833
Marriage Type Arranged
Wife Kasturba Gandhi (born as; Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia) (11 April 1869 – 22 February 1944)
Children Son(s)- 4

Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas Daughter(s)- 2
Laxmi (adopted; daughter of the harijans Dudabhai and Daniben Dafda); died on 31 January 1984
Madeleine Slade aka Mirabehn (adopted; daughter of the British Rear-Admiral Sir Edmond Slade); died on 20 July 1982

Affairs

Girlfriend N/A

Profession

Profession Politician, Lawyer, Peace Activist
Philosopher
Net Worth $1-5 Million

Favorites

Color Black and Red
Food Butter Chicken
Drink Alcohol
Actor/Actress Madhubala, Meena Kumari
Songs Tum Besahara Ho, Anand Bakshi
Movies Do Bigha Zamin
Hobbies Reading, Listening to Music
Mahatma Gandhi Young Age Picture
Mahatma Gandhi Young Age Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Family Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Family Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Wife Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Wife Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Son Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Son Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Son Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Son Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Daughter Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Daughter Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Father Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Father Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Mother Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Mother Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Sister Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Sister Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Brother Picture
Mahatma Gandhi With His Brother Picture

Family

Mahatma Gandhi’s dad was Karamchand Gandhi, who was the chief minister of Porbandar state, and his mom was Putlibai Gandhi, who took care of their home. He got married to Kasturba when he was just 13 years old, in an arranged marriage. They had four sons named Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas, and he also had two brothers and one sister.

Age

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi came into the world on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, which is now in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Education

When Gandhi was just 9 years old, he started going to a school in Rajkot, where he learned basic subjects like arithmetic, history, geography, and different languages. Although he did well and even got awards and scholarships at a primary school in Porbandar, his approach to learning was typical. At 11, he moved on to a high school in Rajkot. After passing his matriculation exams at the University of Bombay in 1887, he joined Samaldas College in Bhavnagar. However, because of his wedding, his studies got interrupted for about a year. Eventually, he resumed and finished his schooling.

Even though Gandhi initially wanted to be a doctor, his father insisted he become a lawyer. Thanks to the encouragement from a family friend, Mavji Dave Joshi, who was studying law in London, Gandhi overcame his apprehensions about pursuing law as a career. Although he wasn’t content with his education at Samaldas College, the idea of studying in London excited him. He managed to convince his mother and wife that he would abstain from consuming non-vegetarian food, alcohol, or interacting with women.

Height and Weight

He stood at a height of 5 feet 5 inches and weighed 46.7 kilograms.

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Wife and Children

In May 1883, when Mohandas was just 13 years old, he entered into an arranged marriage with 14-year-old Kasturbai Gokuldas Kapadia. Her first name was commonly shortened to “Kasturba” and affectionately to “Ba,” following the customs of the region during that time. Despite his youth, Mohandas was recognized as one of the brightest boys in his class, especially as he progressed to the upper standards.

The marriage ceremony was a collective celebration, featuring not only Mohandas and Kasturba but also his brother and cousin. Mohandas held a strong desire for everyone to perceive him as an honest and truthful young boy. Reflecting on the day of their marriage, he remarked, “We didn’t know much about marriage, so for us, it meant only wearing new clothes, eating sweets, and playing with relatives.”

If, by mistake, someone thought that Mohandas was telling a lie, it deeply affected him, and he would cry for hours. He was also passionate about guiding his companions away from negative paths. This led him to befriend an older boy who had a troubled reputation. Many years later, Mohandas expressed regret as he recalled the inappropriate feelings he had for his young bride. He admitted, “Even at school, I used to think of her, and the thought of nightfall and our subsequent meeting was ever haunting me.” Despite efforts from his wife and parents to end an unhealthy friendship, Mohandas disregarded their advice.

Early life

Gandhi grew up in India when it was ruled by the British. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, and mother, Putlibai, played crucial roles in his life. Unfortunately, his father died when Gandhi was just 13, which meant he couldn’t finish school. He had four brothers: Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas. Until her passing in 1944, Putlibai supported her husband’s endeavors wholeheartedly.

During his time in England, Gandhi learned a lot about various religions and cultures. He was the son of Putlibai, his father’s fourth wife, who came from a well-to-do Vaishnava family. While in England, he delved into philosophy and read extensively on the subject. In his youth, stories like Shravana and Harish Chandra deeply influenced him due to their emphasis on truth.

After earning his degree, Gandhi returned to India to reunite with his family and put his newfound legal skills into practice.

Death of Mahatma Gandhi

In the 1840s and 50s, the British took over and settled in South Africa’s Natal and Cape provinces. When Gandhi arrived there, he quickly saw how racial discrimination was everywhere. The Transvaal and Orange Free State were self-governing regions ruled by Boers—settlers who were a mix of British and Dutch descent. These areas were originally settled by Boers, descendants of Dutch colonists who arrived in the 17th century. ‘Boer’ means ‘farmer settler’ in Dutch and Afrikaans.

In 1860, the Transvaal government struck a deal with India, promising land in exchange for Indian immigrants’ labor in the region’s sugar fields. This deal led to the formation of three groups in society: whites (British and Boer descent), Blacks, and Coloureds (mixed race), which included various ethnic Asians like Indians, Malayans, Filipinos, and Chinese. However, despite this, Indians faced discrimination, extra taxes, and other unfair treatment.

Indian immigration started in the 1860s when indentured Indian laborers (known as Girmityas), mostly from southern India, were recruited to work on sugar plantations by the white population. Later, many Indian merchants, mainly meman Muslims, also migrated. By the 1890s, the children of these ex-indentured laborers had settled in South Africa, forming the third major group in the society.

South Africa during the 1800s

The death of Mahatma Gandhi was a very sad event that brought immense sorrow to millions of people. It happened at 5:17 pm on January 30, 1948, in the garden of Birla House, where Gandhi was heading to lead a prayer meeting. Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, shot him three times in the chest from close range while Gandhi was with his grandnieces.

Around 5 pm the next day, Gandhi was in the Birla House garden when a man from the crowd approached and bowed before him. He was in a position where he fell to the ground, and there, about 30 minutes later, he passed away as a member of Gandhi’s family recited verses from Hindu scriptures. Throughout this time, his final words were “Ram! Ram!”

Even though Gandhi was in critical condition, no one thought to call a doctor during that crucial time, and sadly, he passed away within half an hour.

Career

When delving into Mahatma Gandhi’s political journey, a pivotal moment arose in July 1894, when, at just 25 years old, he emerged as a skilled campaigner. This marked his return as a prominent Congress leader. Gandhi drafted numerous petitions signed by hundreds of his compatriots, directed towards both the British government and the Natal Legislature, highlighting the issues faced by Indians.

In 1930, he sparked the successful Salt March protest against the British-imposed salt tax. Although he couldn’t stop the bill’s passage, he drew attention to the struggles of Natal Indians in Natal, India, and England. His efforts led him to negotiate and participate in the Round Table Conference in London.

1934-1942

Gandhi’s leadership shone through in various roles. He served as the unflagging secretary of the Natal Indian Congress, instilling a sense of unity among the diverse Indian community. Imprisoned under Lord Willingdon’s crackdown, Gandhi used hunger strikes to protest against the segregation of “untouchables.” His actions prompted new electoral arrangements, fighting against the disenfranchisement of Dalits.

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination based on his color and race, prevalent among Queen Victoria’s Indian subjects. Eventually, in 1934, he departed from the Congress Party to focus on his “constructive program,” aimed at uplifting rural India and combating untouchability through education and cottage industries.

When the British failed to meet India’s aspirations, Gandhi initiated the Quit India Movement in 1942, demanding immediate British withdrawal from India. His persistence and struggle against injustices ultimately led to success in India’s fight for independence.

Net Worth

At the time of Mahatma Gandhi’s passing, his net worth was estimated to be between 1 and 5 million dollars.

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