Rabindranath Tagore Biography, Age, Family, The early life, Establishment, His Last Days& More

Rabindranath Tagore, also known as Bengali Rabīndranāth Ṭhākur, was born on May 7, 1861, in Calcutta (now Kolkata), India. He was a multifaceted personality, excelling as a poet, writer, playwright, composer, philosopher, social reformer, and painter. While he received his education at home, he was sent to England for formal schooling when he turned seventeen, although he didn’t complete his studies there.In this article, you’ll find a comprehensive Rabindranath Tagore biography.

Rabindranath Tagore Biography

During his later years, alongside his diverse literary endeavors, Rabindranath Tagore took on the responsibility of managing the family estates. This involvement brought him closer to the lives of ordinary people and fueled his passion for social reforms. Affectionately referred to as Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi, his songs became widely popular and came to be known as Rabindrasangeet.

Rabindranath Tagore Picture
Rabindranath Tagore Picture

Personal Information

Real Name Rabindranath Tagore
Nickname AKA Tagore
DOB (Date of Birth) 7 May 1861
Age 162
Birth Place Calcutta, British India
Zodiac Sign Taurus
Nationality India
Hometown Calcutta, British India
Religion Hindu

Education/Qualifications

School Vishwabharati School
College N/A
University N/A

Physical Stats

Height

Feet & Inches 5”7
Meter 1.72m
Centimeters 172cm
Eye Color Black
Hair Color White
Body Measurements 44-33-19

Family Information

Father Name Debendranath Tagore
Mother Name Sarada Devi
Brothers N/A
Sisters N/A
Wife Mrinalini Devi
Children 5

Affairs

Girlfriend Mrinalini Devi

Profession

Profession Writer, song composer, playwright, essayist, painter
Net Worth $1 million and $5 million dollars

Favorites

Color Red Black
Food vegetables
Drink Tea
Actor/Actress Primarily
Songs Ei Kathati Mone Rekho
Movies Geet Gaata Chal
Hobbies Future Prediction
Rabindranath Tagore Childhood Picture
Rabindranath Tagore Childhood Picture
Rabindranath Tagore Young Age Picture
Rabindranath Tagore Young Age Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Family Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Family Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Wife Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Wife Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Children Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Children Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Father Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Father Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Mother Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Mother Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Sister Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Sister Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Brother Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Brother Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Girlfriend Picture
Rabindranath Tagore With his Girlfriend Picture

Family

Rabindranath Tagore’s father purchased a vast tract of land for contemplation purposes and named it Santiniketan. Due to the early loss of his mother and his father’s frequent travels; he was primarily cared for by servants and maids during his upbringing. His grandfather, Dwarkanath Tagore, was a wealthy landlord and a champion of social reform. Additionally, his sister, Swarnakumari, pursued a career as a novelist. Among his siblings, Rabindranath Tagore was the youngest son, part of a family of thirteen children.

Age

Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 7, 1861, in Kolkata, India, and he has reached the age of 162 years.

 Education

Rabindranath Tagore’s formal education commenced in Brighton, East Sussex, England, he attended a public school. Subsequently, he gained admission to the University College of London, where he embarked on legal studies as per the requirements. During his time there, he also delved into the rich literature and music traditions of England, Ireland, and Scotland. Upon returning to India, Tagore tied the knot with Mrinalini Devi.

Height and weight

Rabindranath Tagore’s height was approximately 5 feet 7 inches (170 cm), and his weight was around 56.0 kg.

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Wife and children

In 1883, he entered into marriage with Mrinalini Devi, who was 10 years old at the time, born Bhavatharini in 1873–1902 (a common practice during that era). The couple had five children, unfortunately, two of whom passed away in childhood. The Tagore family owned a boat known as “Padma,” locally referred to as “bajra” or “budge row.” Together, they had five children.

The early life of Rabindranath Tagore

Born on May 7, 1861, in Calcutta, Rabindranath Tagore was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi. He not only made significant contributions as a poet, writer, and philosopher but also played a pivotal role as a cultural reformer. He challenged the boundaries that confined Bengali art to classical Indian forms, bringing about modifications that revitalized it. Tagore hailed from a family with a notable social reformer as his grandfather, Dwarkanath Tagore, who was also a wealthy landlord.

Rabindranath Tagore Died

He passed away on August 7, 1941, at the age of 80, in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, which was then under British rule in India.

Establishment of Santiniketan

Rabindranath Tagore’s father, Debendranath Tagore, acquired a large expanse of land in Santiniketan. In 1863, Debendranath Tagore established an ‘Ashram’ on that land. Later, in 1901, Rabindranath Tagore himself founded an open-air school within the premises. This school, known as ‘The Mandir,’ featured a prayer hall with marble flooring. It was also referred to as ‘Patha Bhavana’ and initially had just five students.

Literary Works

During his teenage years, Rabindranath Tagore began to craft short stories. While he had already embarked on his writing journey at a young age, his desire to create a greater volume of literary works grew stronger after the tragic loss of his wife and children. Among his extensive collection of stories, several have gained significant acclaim. Some of his most renowned short stories include “Kabuliwala,” “Kshudita Pashan,” “Atottju,” “Haimanti,” and “Musalmanir Golpo,” among many others.

Awards & Achievements

November 14, 1913, marked a momentous occasion for Rabindranath Tagore as he was awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature. This recognition was a testament to his extraordinary and revolutionary contributions to the world of literature. Tagore’s literary genius reshaped the landscape of Bengali literature and propelled it into new realms.

Growing Years and Career

Rabindranath Tagore, affectionately known as Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi, displayed remarkable literary talent from a young age. At the tender age of eight, he wrote his first poem, setting the stage for his extraordinary literary journey. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Tagore reshaped Bengali literature, music, and Indian art through his innovative approach known as Contextual Modernism. While Tagore received his education at home, he was sent to England for formal schooling when he turned seventeen. However, he did not complete his studies there. Despite this, his thirst for knowledge and his passion for literature remained undeterred. By the age of sixteen, one of Tagore’s short stories titled “Bhanusimha” was published, showcasing his burgeoning talent as a writer.

Rabindranath Tagore and His Last Days

Rabindranath Tagore’s final years were marked by immense suffering as he battled through two prolonged illnesses. The place he held closest to his heart, his childhood home in Jorasanko, became the setting for the last four years of his life. In 1937, he slipped into a comatose state, which recurred after three years. Despite enduring an extended period of pain, Tagore remained in his beloved Jorasanko home.

Net Worth

Rabindranath Tagore’s estimated net worth or income ranges between $1 million and $5 million dollars.

Original List

Transliterated title Year Translated title
Gitimalya 1914 Wreath of Songs
Manasi 1890 The Ideal One
Sonar Tari 1894 The Golden Boat
Balaka 1916 The Flight of Cranes
Bhānusiṃha Ṭhākurer Paḍāvalī 1884 Songs of Bhānusiṃha Ṭhākur
Gitanjali 1910 Song Offerings

Original Dramas in Bengali List

Transliterated title Year Translated title
Muktadhara 1922 The Waterfall
Chandalika 1933 The Untouchable Girl
Visarjan 1890 The Sacrifice
Dak Ghar 1912 The Post Office
Mayar Khela 1888 The Play of Illusions
Raja 1910 The King of the Dark Chamber
Achalayatan 1912 The Immovable
Valmiki-Pratibha 1881 The Genius of Valmiki
Kal-Mrigaya 1882 The Fatal Hunt
Raktakarabi 1926 Red Oleanders
Chitrangada 1892 Chitrangada

Original Nonfiction in Bengali Liat

Transliterated title Year Translated title
Jivansmriti 1912 My Reminiscences
Chhelebela 1940 My Boyhood Days

Works in English List

Title Year
Thought Relics 1921

Translated List

English translations
Work Year
Letters from an Expatriate in Europe 2012
The Lover of God 2003
Selected Letters 1997
Selected Poems 1994
I Won’t Let you Go: Selected Poems 1991
Selected Short Stories 1991
Fireflies 1928
My Boyhood Days 1928
Creative Unity 1922
The Home and the World 1921
The Wreck 1921
Glimpses of Bengal 1920
Mashi 1918
Stories from Tagore 1918
The Cycle of Spring 1917
My Reminiscences 1917
Nationalism 1917
Fruit-Gathering 1916
The Fugitive 1916
The Hungry Stones 1916
The Spirit of Japan 1916
Stray Birds 1916
Songs of Kabir 1915
Chitra 1914
The King of the Dark Chamber 1914
The Post Office 1914
The Crescent Moon 1913
The Gardener 1913
Sadhana: The Realisation of Life 1913
Vocation 1913
Gitanjali: Song Offerings 1912

Check Also: Nirmala Sitharaman Biography

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